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    About Gibraltar

    Image of Rock Logo

    The Rock of Gibraltar is an iconic natural wonder, rising up dramatically from the western edge of the Mediterranean Sea. Its sheer cliffs tower above the waters, casting deep shadows on the sea below.

    The rock is made up of limestone and is mostly barren, with very little vegetation. Its surface is pockmarked with caves, gullies, and crevices, formed over millions of years of erosion. At the very top of the rock, there is a flat plateau, known as the Upper Rock, which provides breathtaking views of the surrounding landscape.

    The rock’s most famous feature is the massive rock face on its southern side, which has been carved out over centuries by the strong winds and waves of the Mediterranean. This impressive feature is known as the Pillars of Hercules, and according to legend, it was created by the Greek hero as he separated the continents of Europe and Africa.

    At the base of the rock, there is a bustling city with a colorful mix of British and Spanish cultures. Tourists from around the world come to see the rock’s natural beauty and explore its rich history, which dates back thousands of years. Whether viewed from the sea or from high above on its summit, the Rock of Gibraltar is a breathtaking sight that captures the imagination and stirs the soul.

    Visit Gibraltar

    Enjoy the sights of Gibraltar by day and the entertainment at night! The destination is packed with history and natural heritage, but in addition it boasts all the modern amenities that you would expect in a bustling European City.

    Despite its compact size, Gibraltar surprises thousands of visitors each year with its range of activities and attractions that appeal to all age groups. Situated at the point where the Mediterranean Sea and Atlantic Ocean meet, it is no surprise that Gibraltarian life thrives on an abundance of water sports. These range from dolphin safaris in the bay to jet skiing, pleasure sailing and scuba diving.

    For further information about Gibraltar click here

    History

    On the Rock of Gibraltar, the past is a living reality. Colourful ceremonial events such as the Changing of the Guard and the Ceremony of the Keys are performed exactly as they have been for centuries.  In the Gibraltar Museum – strategically positioned over one of the finest fourteenth century Moorish bathhouses – you can find a series of fascinating exhibits from every period of the Rock’s extraordinary history. It is a story that begins at least as early as the Stone Age, the first Neanderthal skull ever discovered was found here in 1848.

    Since men first braved the sea, the Bay of Gibraltar has sheltered ships and sailors. To the ancient Greeks, Gibraltar marked the limit to the known world. To pass beyond it was to sail to certain destruction over the bottomless waterfall at the edge of the world. Thus the many findings of offerings made to the Gods by these and other civilisations such as the Phoenicians and Carthaginians in the many caves on the shorelines.

    Seven hundred years after the birth of Christ, the Arab leader Tarik-Ibn-Zeyad conquered the Rock and named it Jebel-Tarik (Tarik’s mountain). An important military and naval base, it changed hands many times during the following eight centuries of Arab occupation in Spain. In the early part of the fourteenth century Spanish forces occupied Gibraltar for twenty-four years; but in 1333 it reverted to Moorish control after a bloody eighteen week siege. The Rock did not finally become Spanish until 1462 when the Duke of Medina Sidonia recaptured it. The eighteenth century saw another change of ownership.  In July 1704, as he lay off Tetuan with a large combined fleet of British and Dutch warships, Admiral Sir George Rooke saw an opportunity to capture the Rock. The city fathers initially refused Rooke’s call to surrender but 15,000 rounds of shot and shell and landings by British marines and sailors persuaded them otherwise.

    Since that day, the Rock has played a part in some of the most famous episodes of British history. During the American War of Independence, the combined forces of France and Spain besieged Gibraltar for four and a half years. The body of Nelson, preserved in a barrel of rum, was brought to Gibraltar after his magnificent victory at Trafalgar and in the Second World War the Rock was a key factor in British victories in the Mediterranean.

    How to get here by air

    Gibraltar is accessible by land, sea and direct scheduled air services from the UK.

    Regular services to Gibraltar operate from the following destinations:

    • London Heathrow UK by British Airways
    • London Gatwick UK by easyJet
    • Manchester UK by easyJet
    • Bristol UK by easyJet

    Gibraltar is also easily accessed by those wishing to fly to Malaga or Jerez and both can be reached by road in approximately one hour and thirty minutes. Seville Airport is also accessible by car and is approximately two hours away.

    How to get here by road

    Gibraltar is also accessible via Spain. Gibraltar adjoins the southern coast of Spain at the western end of the Mediterranean. In order to be allowed past the border into Gibraltar you will be required to be in possession of a valid passport. If you are unsure as to whether you require a visa to enter Gibraltar please click here.

    The land frontier is open 24 hours a day, seven days a week and there are no limits on the number of frontier crossings you can make. There is no charge to enter Gibraltar .

    If you are driving to Gibraltar from Spain, take the N340 or the A7 (Cadiz – Malaga highway) and turn off at Junction 119 into the N351 which takes you to La Linea, the border town between Spain and Gibraltar. The frontier is just a five minute walk away from La Linea Bus Station.

    Visa & Customs

    In order to be allowed into Gibraltar you will be required to be in possession of a valid passport and visa (if applicable).

    For Visa and Customs details for Gibraltar please click on the link below:

    Customs Allowances & Visas